This is a document for PGroonga 2.X. See PGroonga 1.x document when you're using old PGroonga.

@> operator


PGroonga supports fast index search by @> operator.

@> operator is a built-in PostgreSQL operator. @> operator returns true when the right hand side array type value is a subset of left hand side array type value.


Here is the syntax of this operator:

column @> query

column is a column to be searched. It's text[] type or varchar[].

query is used as query. It must be the same type as column.

The operator returns true when query is a subset of column value, false otherwise.

Operator classes

You need to specify one of the following operator classes to use this operator:


Here are sample schema and data for examples:

  tags text[]

CREATE INDEX pgroonga_memos_index
  ON memos
  USING pgroonga (tags pgroonga_text_array_term_search_ops_v2);

INSERT INTO memos VALUES (ARRAY['Groonga', 'PGroonga', 'PostgreSQL']);
INSERT INTO memos VALUES (ARRAY['Groonga', 'Mroonga', 'MySQL']);

Disable sequential scan:

SET enable_seqscan = off;

Here is an example for match case:

SELECT * FROM memos WHERE tags @> ARRAY['Groonga', 'PGroonga'];
--              tags              
-- -------------------------------
--  {Groonga,PGroonga,PostgreSQL}
-- (1 row)

Here is an example for not match case.

SELECT * FROM memos WHERE tags @> ARRAY['Mroonga', 'PGroonga'];
--  tags 
-- ------
-- (0 rows)