@> operator

Summary

PGroonga supports fast index search by @> operator.

@> operator is a built-in PostgreSQL operator. @> operator returns true when the right hand side jsonb type value is a subset of left hand side jsonb type value.

Syntax

Here is the syntax of this operator:

column @> query

column is a column to be searched. It's jsonb type.

query is a jsonb type value used as query.

The operator returns true when query is a subset of column value, false otherwise.

Operator classes

You need to specify one of the following operator classes to use this operator:

Usage

Here are sample schema and data for examples:

CREATE TABLE logs (
  record jsonb
);

CREATE INDEX pgroonga_logs_index ON logs USING pgroonga (record);

INSERT INTO logs
     VALUES ('{
                "message": "Server is started.",
                "host":    "www.example.com",
                "tags": [
                  "web",
                  "example.com"
                ]
              }');
INSERT INTO logs
     VALUES ('{
                "message": "GET /",
                "host":    "www.example.com",
                "code":    200,
                "tags": [
                  "web",
                  "example.com"
                ]
              }');
INSERT INTO logs
     VALUES ('{
                "message": "Send to <info@example.com>.",
                "host":    "mail.example.net",
                "tags": [
                  "mail",
                  "example.net"
                ]
              }');

Disable sequential scan:

SET enable_seqscan = off;

Here is an example for match case:

(It uses jsonb_pretty() function provided since PostgreSQL 9.5 for readability.)

SELECT jsonb_pretty(record) FROM logs WHERE record @> '{"host": "www.example.com"}'::jsonb;
--             jsonb_pretty             
-- -------------------------------------
--  {                                  +
--      "host": "www.example.com",     +
--      "tags": [                      +
--          "web",                     +
--          "example.com"              +
--      ],                             +
--      "message": "Server is started."+
--  }
--  {                                  +
--      "code": 200,                   +
--      "host": "www.example.com",     +
--      "tags": [                      +
--          "web",                     +
--          "example.com"              +
--      ],                             +
--      "message": "GET /"             +
--  }
-- (2 rows)

Here is an example for not match case.

If you use an array in the search condition jsonb type value, all elements must be included in the search target jsonb type value. Position of element isn't cared. If there are one or more elements that are included in the search condition jsonb type value but aren't included in the search target jsonb type value, record that have the search target jsonb type value isn't matched.

In the following example, there are records that have only "mail" or "web" but there are no records that have both "mail" and "web". So the following SELECT returns no record:

SELECT jsonb_pretty(record) FROM logs WHERE record @> '{"tags": ["mail", "web"]}'::jsonb;
--  jsonb_pretty 
-- --------------
-- (0 rows)

See also